Hot air Balloon Cappadocia
This wonderful place with a beauty all its own, is unmatched anywhere in the world. Cappadocia has sheltered many Christians for hundreds of years. It is in the centre of the region where the cities of Nevşehir, Aksaray, Kayseri and Niğde exist today. The sleeping volcanoes of Erciyes, Hasandağı and Melendiz are also in this region. The geological structure of the area is made up of a layer of lava and tufa rocks which have erupted from the volcanoes. This layer is 100m – 200m thick. Flood waters flowing down from the mountain slopes have corroded the lava formations of the valley within the Nevşehir-Ürgüp- Avanos triangle, yet some formations, unharmed by corrosion, are still standing. These interesting formations, called Peri Bacaları (earth pillar), reach a height of 40m. Not only the Peri Bacaları, but also other interesting formations can be seen on the slopes of the deep narrow valley. The sight of these formations is so impressive that the English geologist W.J.Hamilton commented, “Words are not enough to describe the view of this extraordinary place”. It is impossible not to agree with him.
Cappadocia’s first settlement was in the Neolithic Age; the actual settlement began in the period of the Assyrian trading colonies. The most famous centre of this period is the Kultepe Karum near Kayseri. This region was part of the Old Hittite Empireof the 17th century BC.Cappadocia experienced attacks by Aegean tribes in the 12th century BC and attacks by theCimmerians and Iskit people in the 7th century BC, until it came under the rule of Persian Kind Kiros II in 550 BC. During the Asian campaign in 331 BC the city was invadedby Alexander the Great. After Alexander’s death, the Cappadocia Kingdom was established twice in this region. This Kingdom came under Roman sovereignty in 17 AD, and after 395 AD it became part of the Roman Empire which was by then ruling over Anatolia. In the 5th and 6th century, it became a buffer region during the battles between the Byzantines and Arabs. Peace only came under Byzantine rule in the 10th and 11th centurries. After this date, it was taken by the Seljuk Turks who came to setle in this region. Under the tolerant rule of the Seljuk Turks, the Christians were to practise their belief and continued tol ive a peaceful life.
The majority of the Christian buildings that can be seen today in Cappadocia region have been built between the 8th-13th centuries. A large part of the wall paintings within the churches were done in the 10th-11th centuries. It’s believed that Christian settlement in Cappadocia began with Saint Paul. When some Christian moks took shelter in the areas of Avcılar (Matiane), Göreme (Komana), Ürgüp and Avanos, and formed churches by cutting into earth pillars, this already well populated settlement continued to grow even more.Byzantium between the years 725-845 became even more strongly offensive, and this region became much more heavily settled on a larger scale, as it was so sutiable. The area was ruled by the crusader knights, until it was taken by the Anatolian Seljuks shortly after. Aslo during this period, the cities of Aksaray, Niğde, Kayseri and Konya were established. At the end of the Anatolian Seljukians, this region remained within the lands of the Karamanoğullar and was annexed into the Ottoman Empire in 1365. Today Cappadocia is the most important of Turkey’s tourist areas situated inland.
And you can join Hot air Balloon Cappadocia tour.